Malaysian English Language Educators Net

Archive for October, 2010

Slides for presentation

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: K. Current practices

When designing your PowerPoint slides

  • use ready made templates provided by PowerPoint
  • keep it simple and short (KISS), avoid overcrowding
  • avoid long sentences but use points form; bullets are acceptable and should be used appropriately
  • if you have a long sentence, then highlight/color the key words or terms that you want your audience to focus on or to remember
  • keep ONE idea or concept or issue  in ONE slide; avoid overalapping ideas or concepts in one slide
  • keep 6 lines per slide
  • keep 6-8 word per line  per slide
  • keep 3 font color per slides
  • use appropriate graphics/images to illustrate you points
  • use maximum of 3 graphics per slide, if you need to
  • avoid fancy looking slides
  • be CONSITENT with your design: background, color, font, proximity
  • use special effects (animations/transitions) where appropriate, not on all slides, not all the time; use them to reveal one point after another, to emphasize certain points, to illustrates your points, to show significance
  • want more…refer to class notes Visual Principles 2010, download from SPIN

When you present the slides

  • speak from the slides, elaborate your points by referring to the points form in the slides
  • do not read everything in your slides verbally unless it’s a quotation
  • do not block the view of your audience
  • use laser pointer or cursor arrow to point to your content in the slides; avoid using finger near the screen.
  • maintain eye contact with your audience; avoid seeing the projection screen most (or all) the time; instead, look at the computer screen in front of your and not the projection screen behind you.

Watch these great videos for some tips

How to review literature and write literature review?

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: L. Academic Writing

How to review literature and write literature review?

August 18, 2010 by supyanhussin 

Many students have problems with how to do literature review and how to write literature review.  Some tips:

  • What to look for? journals, books, seminar papers, thesis, monographs, technical research reports
  • Where to look for? online and offline; e-library and library 
  • How old is the literature? The rule of thumb says it should be less than 10 years old, but for technology related papers, it should be less than 5 years old. Classical materials should be more 20-30 years of age.
  • How to write? The review should be divided into 2 parts: theoretical discussion (theories, models, approaches) and past studies (research reports)

You can watch following videos for further understanding of these 2 issues

An overview of Literature Review

Part 1 Writing literature review

Part 2 Writing literature review

Part 3 Writing literature review

Part 1 Writing literature review

Part 2 Writing literature review

Part 3 Writing literature review

Do’s and Don’t in Literature Review

Teaching English using e-Forum

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: K. Current practices

Online Forum or e-Forum is a platform which allows language teachers to promote continuous learning in their courses. Learning is not bound by the four walls but can be extended outside classroom. In other words, the learning process is not limited by time and space.

Through e-forum, students can engage in structured and unstructured discussions.  They can practice their language skills through writing in e-forum. However, teachers should remind their students that language accuracy, although important, is not the main focus in their writing in the e-forum. What is more prominent is students’ active engagement in the e-forum. The more students practice to write, the better their writings will be.

Teachers will benefit a lot too if they know how to exploit the e-forum. Teachers can reinforce what has been learned in the classrooom  in the e-forum. Using Bloom’s Taxonomy, teachers could guide students to learn and acquire better thinkings skills (including creative and critical thinking) throughout the discussions in the e-forum, in addition to enhancing their writing skills.

I have been conducting e-forums in my English courses since 2003 and MA courses since 2005. As I become familiar with the e-forum, I carried out series of research from 2005-2008 to find best practices in e-forum. Read some of conclusions that I’ve made in one of my writings:

I have also written chapters in books on how to integrate e-forum in the teaching of English (and perhaps can be used to teach other subjects as well). Teachers can create e-forums using facilities at yahoogroups, nicenet, and now Facebook. I have been using yahoogroups as my main e-forum for my courses, and now am using e-forum in Facebook. I will do a small scale study on this new approach and share with you the findings later.

How best to master a second language?

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: M. Issues

Watch this excellent video!

An Eqyptian young man who is proficient in Bahasa Melayu or Malay Language,  said that if you want to master the Malay language  (or any other second language),  you have to immerse yourself in the community of the Malay speakers, live with them,  and eat their food. He said he speaks Malay very well, with Kelantanese dialet,  because he takes ‘budu’ or bilis sauce (fermented fish), a local sauce produced only in Kelantan.If you don’t understand Malay, especially Kelantanese dialect, please ask your friends  who speak Malay, to translate the conversation.

Question 1.  Can these principles be applied to those who want to master English as a second language, Arabic, Japan, Korean, Russian, German etc?

Question 2. Can we still master the target language in our own own environment, community, or home country  without going the countries where the taget language is spoken?

Writing MLA, APA, Chicago format

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: L. Academic Writing

When you write your term paper or thesis or research paper, you need to follow certain formats: MLA, AP, or Chicago. Each university in Malaysia has its own specific format.   

Sample Paper: MLA style

Common format for English and humanities writing

Sample MLA Paper

Sample Paper: APA style

Common format for research report and social sciences

Sample APA Paper


Sample Paper: Chicago style

Common format for history and other humanities classes.

Sample Chicago Paper

You can refer to some other sites for sample organization of essays, terms papers, and research papers. You can download some of the papers for your reference but REMEMBER! PLAGIARISM is an academic offense.

List of M.A. and Ph.D. Dissertations

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: J. Studies in Malaysia

The following dissertations are written by Malaysian English Language Educators (2000-2010)

MAELE.NET invites Malaysian English Language Educators to provide information about their dissertations so that current researchers or students or scholars  could refer to your  works and cite your contributions. Please send the information to


  1. Jowati Binti Juhary. 2008. The Military Academy of Malaysia compared with West Point: learning environments and new technology. Faculty of Arts, Monash University, Australia.
  2. Izham Shah bin Ismail. 2008. An analysis of the utilization of weblog as a tool in teaching critical reading skills among selected pre-university ESL students. International Islamic University Malaysia.
  3. Marlia Puteh. 2007.  Electronic Learning in Malaysian Universities and the Transformation of Malaysia.Faculty of Arts, Monash University, Australia.
  4. Adlina Abdul Samad. 2007.  An e-discourse framework for the qualitative analysis of inquiry-based web forums. The University of Western Australia.
  5. Muhammad Kamarul Kabilan Abdullah. 2004. Malaysia English Language Teachers and Experiences of Online Professional Development. Faculty of Education, UKM.
  6. Faizah Mohamad Nor. 2002.  Reading strategies utilized by readers in the mechanical engineering discipline when reading in the hypertext environment. UTM.
  • ..more to come


Pedagogy vs Andragogy

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: M. Issues

Pedagogy generally means the science of teaching. It focuses on methods and approaches that are based on principles, which are derived from theories.

Andragogy is the arts of teaching adult learners.  The approach is influenced by some basic teaching principles (pedagogical principles) and characteristics of adult learners.

To claim that ‘pedagogy is about teaching young children‘ and ‘andragogy is about teaching adults‘ is erroneous and misleading. It should not be  an issue of dichotomy. One is not necessarily better that than the other but one should complement each other.

To classify characteristics of pedagogy and andragogy as the following is also misleading.

Some people claimed that in “pedagogy”

  • Learners are called “students.”
  • Dependent learning style.
  • Objectives are predetermined and inflexible
  • It is assumed that the learners are inexperienced and/or uninformed.
  • Passive training methods, such as lecture, are used.
  • Trainer controls timing and pace.
  • Participants contribute little to the experience.
  • Learning is content-centered.
  • Trainer is seen as the primary resource who provides ideas and examples.Some other people claimed the characteristics of Andragogy are
  • Learners are called “participants” or “learners.”
  • Independent learning style.
  • Objectives are flexible.
  • It is assumed that the learners have experience to contribute.
  • Active training methods are used.
  • Learners influence timing and pace.
  • Participant involvement is vital.
  • Learning is real-life problem-centered.
  • Participants are seen as primary resources for ideas and examples.Hypothetically, these characteristics MAY BE TRUE but practically, they are not TRUE ALL THE TIME. It all depends on teachers’ competence and how teachers carry out their teaching.

These characteristics should not be seen as a set divine principles. Teachers should not adopt the above characteristics blindly or rigidly when they conduct their teaching either with young learners and adult learners. In fact, teachers should be able to rationalize specific principles they use in their teaching rather than to follow the so-called “classification of pedagogy and andragogy”. In brief, andragogy can be categorized as a subset of pedagogy.

However, knowing some characteristics of adult learners would help teachers to adjust their approaches in teaching, and therefore, making their teaching more effective.

Knowles’ theory of andragogy can be stated with six assumptions related to motivation of adult learning:

1. Adults need to know the reason for learning something (Need to Know)

2. Experience (including error) provides the basis for learning activities (Foundation).

3. Adults need to be responsible for their decisions on education; involvement in the planning and evaluation of their instruction (Self-concept).

4. Adults are most interested in learning subjects having immediate relevance to their work and/or personal lives (Readiness).

5. Adult learning is problem-centered rather than content-oriented (Orientation).

6. Adults respond better to internal versus external motivators (Motivation).

The term has been used by some to allow discussion of contrast between self-directed and ‘taught’ education

English Lessons

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: C. ENGLISH lessons


This site hosts a number interactive CALL lessons for anyone who wants to practice his/her English.  The lessons were designed by pre-service and in-service English teachers who enrolled in a course at PPBL, UKM. Click also WEBLL Lesson and BALL Lessons to see otehr CALL Lessons

We hope to provide some old CALL Lessons that were designed using Testmater, Storyboard, Quikster, Choicemaster, and WinCALIS authoring systems.

Web-based Language Learning (WEBLL) Lessons

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: uncategorized

CALL can be independent. It can stand by itself  in CD/DVD format and can be installed in a PC or workstation. CALL can also be installed in a network system and shared by a larger group. Now CALL can be integrated into the web environment. We may call the language learning in the web as Web-based language learning (WEBLL),  which offers not only CALL lessons but also online tutorial on English lessons.

The following lessons are created by Malaysian English language educators  who attended a course on Computer Applications in ESOL in MA (ELS) program at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. The lessons are still in the original form/design, and have never been changed. Some of these lessons may have been upgraded by the designers but are not available here.  If you need further information, you can contact these teachers or the webmaster. Contact information is available in each site.

Due to space constraints, this site hosts a few sample lessons. Access to to these lessons is fast. However, other sample lessons will be hosted by a small scale server in UKM, and access to these lessons will vary. Please use right-button to click on the links and then click open new tab or open new window. Some items are not active but will be updated soon.

Reading in English

  • Reading (Haliza Harun)
  • Amazing World of Skilled Reading (K. CK Joseph)
  • Lynd’s English Web (Haslynda Abd Rahman)
  • Reading (Amliyanti)
  • Reading (Azian)
  • Ju’s ESL Station (Zuraidah Abd Aziz)

English Literature

  • Short story delights*** by Angie Wong Wei Wei
  • Poetry in Motion by Yap Yoke Chin*** by Yap Yoke Chin
  • Shakespeare (Wee Kia Kee)
  • Poetry Lane (Khaliah Abd Karim)
  • Liana’s Literature Corner (Siti Norlizana Ghazali)
  • Poetry Pot (Siti Marlina Zainal)
  • Xzaa XZaa Cafe (Zaleha Abdul Hamid)
  • My House of Poetry (Hamidah Abd Latif)

General English

  • Putrajaya*** by Delia L. Olaybal
  • Wonderful E’s** by Azarina Alias
  • Forces of Nature **by Wan Norhana Wan Arshad
  • Healthy Meal English Web (A. Jamaluddin)
  • Practice Makes Perfect(Aryanti Abdullah)
  • Adrian’s English Sanctuary (Wee Kok Seng)
  • Essential English (Tuan Sarifah A. S. Ahmad)
  • E-venture (Hadzrawiah Abu Kasim)
  • Little Paradise (Halimah Hanafiah)
  • English Wondeful World (Jocelynn Wong)
  • Fun with English (Manimekalai)
  • Sam’s World of Health (Saminder Kaur)
  • Tit Bits (Norimah Mohd Yunus)
  • Zadza’s Cyber language corner (Zadza Z)
  • Fantasy Word (Rafizah M. Terasid)
  • Nina’s Learning Fun Site (Nina Marlini)
  • Izani’s Corner (Mohd Izani Junoh)
  • Julia’s Connection (Julia Jaffar)
  • Spooky Room (Hamidah Abd Latif)
  • The Magical World of English (Netty A. Ahmad)
  • English Party Land  (T. Sathia)
  • Practice Makes Perfect (Mohd Ali)
  • Dizara’s Spot (Radzi & Hardiza)
  • English Garden (Soo Pooi Sum)
  • Wana’s World (Nizwana Hj Ali)
  • English Tryouts (Parveen Khan)
  • Fabulous Adventure (Ramuna)
  • Engage (Valli)
  • Geckoyang (Young Houng Chuan)
  • NINA’S learning Fun Site (Nina Marlina)
  • The Fun City (Vasanthi)
  • English Cyberworld (Mutasim)
  • Shiela’s  Language Home (Shiela)
  • Leisure Link (Tan Beng Kion)
  • Visit Indonesia (Akhyar Rido)

English for Islamic Studies

  • Islamic Studies (N.Nurmi Adilah & N.Mohd Adib)
  • Kay’s Green World (Kamariah)

English for Science and Technology

  • EST for high schools by Faiz
  • EST for Upper Secondary Schools by Liaw Meng Lai

Business English

  • Business English (Samsiah Kandar)
  • Gwen’s Career Page(Gwynedd Nora Owen)
  • Travel through English (Fiona)
  • Let’s Travel with English (Nora Izany Md Fathil)

English Test

  • English by Anuratha Kanniah

…more to come… Click also WEBLL Lesson and BALL Lessons to see other CALL Lessons

Blog-Assisted Language Learning, BALL

October 07, 2010 By: supyan Category: F. BALL Lessons


Blog environment is becoming popular as it employs Web 2.0 technology. Yet,  CALL can be integrated in blog environment without any problem.  A new term,  Blog-assisted language learning lessons (BALL), is coined here to address language learning in the blogs. You can find interactive CALL lessons designed by Malaysian, Middle-Eastern, and East Asian educators who enrolled in a course, Computer Applications in ESOL in MA (ELS) program at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Some of these blogs are still in the original form/design, and have never been changed. Some may have been upgraded by the designers but are not available here.  If you need further information, you can contact these teachers or the webmaster. Contact information is available in the the lessons.

These blogs, containing English lessons, were created by International students from SKBI6133 course, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia since July 2009. These blogs will be upgraded by them as time passes by. Please use right-button to click on the links and then click open new tab or open new window.

General English Lessons

Vocabulary building Lessons

English for IELTS

English 911

Sentence Structure Lessons

Grammar Lessons

Reading Lessons

Literature Lessons, Short Stories

English for Vocational

 English for Decor, ekomuniti 

English for Arts and Pastries

English for Social Work

EST: English for Science and Technology

Punctuation Lessons

Phonology Lessons

Communication Lessons

English for SMS

ESP: English for Flight Attendants

ES: English for Nurses

Listening-Speaking Lessons

ESP: English for Islamic studies

English for Sports

English for Shopping

Hospitality English


ESP: English for Meetings

ESP: Business English

English for Travelers/ Tour Guides

English for Restaurants

English Test

Public Speaking

English for debate

ESP: English for Aviators

ESP: Engish for Military

ESP: English for Medicine and Science

ESP: English for Police

ESP: English for Law

English for Occupation

English for movies

2015 Ahmed.

English for young learners